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Washington Hawthorn

Crataegus phaenopyrum

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Washington Hawthorn (Crataegus phaenopyrum) at Tagawa Gardens

Washington Hawthorn in bloom

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Washington Hawthorn (Crataegus phaenopyrum) at Tagawa Gardens

Washington Hawthorn fruit

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Washington Hawthorn (Crataegus phaenopyrum) at Tagawa Gardens

Washington Hawthorn flowers

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  25 feet

Spread:  20 feet

Sunlight:  full sun 

Hardiness Zone:  4


A truly beautiful tree for accent use in home landscapes; snowy white flowers in spring, abundant brilliant red fruit in fall and spectacular fall colors, however, extremely thorny

Ornamental Features

Washington Hawthorn is smothered in stunning clusters of white flowers held atop the branches in late spring. The fruits are showy red pomes carried in abundance from early fall to late winter. It has forest green deciduous foliage which emerges burgundy in spring. The serrated lobed leaves turn an outstanding scarlet in the fall.

Landscape Attributes

Washington Hawthorn is a dense deciduous tree with a shapely oval form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

This is a relatively low maintenance tree, and is best pruned in late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed. Gardeners should be aware of the following characteristic(s) that may warrant special consideration;

  • Spiny

Washington Hawthorn is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Accent
  • Hedges/Screening

Planting & Growing

Washington Hawthorn will grow to be about 25 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 20 feet. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 4 feet from the ground, and is suitable for planting under power lines. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 40 years or more.

This tree should only be grown in full sunlight. It is very adaptable to both dry and moist growing conditions, but will not tolerate any standing water. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution. This species is native to parts of North America.

Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight
Accent  Screening 
Flowers  Fruit  Fall Color  Winter Value 
Ornamental Features

This Plant Library is for informational purposes only. We may or may not carry the items listed. During many times of the year, we may carry many more plants in our store than are listed in the Plant Library. Please contact us directly at 303-690-4722 or visit our store for current availability and for assistance.