Van Cherry flowers
(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)
Height: 40 feet
Spread: 40 feet
Hardiness Zone: 5
Other Names: Sweet Cherry, Mazzard Cherry
A popular commercial fruit tree smothered in showy white flowers in spring followed by sweet dark red cherries, tall and upright, best for larger landscapes; needs full sun, well drained soil and a pollinator, be prepared to fight the birds for fruit
Van Cherry is a large tree that is commonly grown for its edible qualities. It produces dark red round fruit (technically 'drupes') with deep purple overtones and red flesh which are usually ready for picking in mid summer. Note that the fruits have hard inedible pits inside which must be removed before eating or processing. The fruits have a sweet taste and a firm texture.
The fruit are most often used in the following ways:
Features & Attributes
Van Cherry is draped in stunning clusters of fragrant white flowers hanging below the branches in early spring before the leaves. It has dark green foliage throughout the season. The pointy leaves turn yellow in fall. The fruits are showy dark red drupes with deep purple overtones, which are carried in abundance in mid summer. The fruit can be messy if allowed to drop on the lawn or walkways, and may require occasional clean-up. The smooth dark red bark adds an interesting dimension to the landscape.
This is a deciduous tree with a shapely oval form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition. This plant will require occasional maintenance and upkeep, and is best pruned in late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed. It is a good choice for attracting birds to your yard. Gardeners should be aware of the following characteristic(s) that may warrant special consideration;
Aside from its primary use as an edible, Van Cherry is sutiable for the following landscape applications;
Planting & Growing
Van Cherry will grow to be about 40 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 40 feet. It has a high canopy with a typical clearance of 6 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. As it matures, the lower branches of this tree can be strategically removed to create a high enough canopy to support unobstructed human traffic underneath. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 50 years or more. This variety requires a different selection of the same species growing nearby in order to set fruit.
This tree is typically grown in a designated area of the yard because of its mature size and spread. It should only be grown in full sunlight. It does best in average to evenly moist conditions, but will not tolerate standing water. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments. This is a selected variety of a species not originally from North America.